Origins of Cu Chi Tunnels – Ho Chi Minh City
Cu Chi tunnels running twist in the ground, where miniature battle transformation of the army and people of Cu Chi during the long resistance, fierce 30 years. With tremendous feat stature, Cu Chi Tunnels has gone down in history as a legendary Vietnam of the 20th century and became landmarks in the world.
Origins of Cu Chi Tunnels
AtCu Chi Tunnels earliest in 1948 in the two communes of Tan Phu Trung and Phuoc Vinh An. At first only the short simple structures used to hide documents, weapons, except me cadres operating in enemy territory. Later spread to the commune. From 1961 to 1965, the guerrilla war of the people of Cu Chi have thrived, causing major losses to the enemy. Six northern communal Cu Chi tunnels completed the “backbone”. Then the agency, unit development of food through the branch tunnel road “backbone” system formed continuous Cu Chi Tunnels.
Just by instruments of very primitive blade hoe and the ki shoveling dirt bamboo, army and people of Cu Chi has created massive structure with hundreds of kilometers of tunnels along the horizontal underground, connecting the hamlets together as an “underground village” magic. Only the transfer thousands of cubic meters of soil taken away non-evidence to keep secret tunnels have found it very hard time, elaborately such as drop down numerous bomb craters submerged embankment into termite mounds, pour out contract plowed fields, crops up on … families in the region, “belt”, which also digging of trenches connected to the Cu Chi tunnels, has clung to produce and fight the enemy.
Cu Chi Tunnels structures
in the tunnel, from the “spine” radiates countless short long arm, with one another or independently depending on the terrain. There are many branches bear the Saigon River, to the critical situation, can cross the river to the base area of Ben Cat (Binh Duong).
The tunnel was not deep but is against the weight of artillery and tanks, armored vehicles, anti-deep passages are smaller bombs. One section of the structure of 2 to 3 floors (upstairs called “upstream”, downstairs is “low”). Place up and down between floors, there is a secret hatch covers. Cu Chi Tunnels inside the stopper points necessary to prevent the enemy or toxic chemicals sprayed by the enemy. There are narrow sections, must be very compact new squeeze through. Along the tunnel vent above discreetly camouflaged and bore to the surface in many secret doors.
Countless drive door is structured in combat, sniper gun emplacements very flexible. This is a surprise to the enemy. In the insurance area of Cu Chi Tunnels weak, have placed blind ditches, pits spikes, pitfalls … Around the hatch up and down are arranged many blind ditches, nail holes, mines left (called mail address), there both anti-tank landmines and cluster munitions launcher tray against shooting down helicopters, to destroy the enemy stop coming.
Cu Chi Tunnels are also tunnel wide to rest after the fight, where reserves of weapons, food, food, drinking water, with wells, Hoang Cam stove (kitchen hide the smoke of the land), basement work work of the leaders, commanders, tunnel surgery, nurtured wounded, the A solid basement for women, the elderly, children shelter. There are large cellar, airy roof, above the cleverly disguised to meetings, cultural performances …
With a system like spider tunnel in the ground, Cu Chi Tunnels also proactive fight combined with dense battlefield left mine on the ground, has become a daily threat to the enemy during the war.
Life under the Cu Chi Tunnels
In fierce raiding period, all activities of combat forces and the people’s living will “tone” down lap Cu Chi Tunnels. In difficult conditions the risk is still trying to create a normal life, despite the above-ground bombs relentlessly plowed, smother the fire … but the reality is in extremely arduous tunnel, is transported estate reluctant.
Due to the need to conserve forces to fight so long to accept all the harshness exceed human endurance. By underground dark, cramped travel very limited, largely go crouching or crawling. Tunnel where humid and stuffy due to lack of oxygen, just flickering light candles or flashlights …
In the rainy season, underground Cu Chi Tunnels arise many harmful insects, many of which have both solid centipede … for women, life is more difficult, with her birth and raising children in the cellar tunnels suffered many hardships. Or every time someone fainting, seek out the hatch to the new CPR again …province,
Has that hundreds of people up and down every day through the hatch while ensuring secrecy is the Cu Chi Tunnels extremely complex matter, each member must be careful to remove the traces can cause doubt, jeopardize a local college.
Cu Chi Tunnels today
With fascinating past and preserved almost intact, it has become a valuable sights and attractive especially with domestic tourists, international. To explore the Cu Chi Tunnels system, Ben Duoc Temple is an opportunity for visitors to experience life underground as real Previous residents.
Moreover, travel Cu Chi tunnels you can try shooting defense sport with real bullets, or hit the ball, fake spray paint, surf boat on Saigon River, kayaking, cycling double , rides, bathing pool, camping tent between lush green campus … and enjoy the dish flavor southeastern countryside like sour leaves stretch, Braised fish, bread coated fry, pancakes, bullock 7 dishes …